Facts about Sri Lanka

General information about Sri Lanka


  • Language: Sinhala and Tamil
  • Capital: Sri Jayawardenapura (part of Colombo)
  • Population: 22.2 million
  • Religion: Buddhism and Hinduism
  • Currency: Rupee
Old school coloured map over Sri Lanka

Climate in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has a typical tropical climate with dry and rainy seasons.

The southwest monsoon brings rain to the south and mountains from May to August. The northeast monsoon is in the northern areas from October to January.

We recommend bringing a small bag umbrella with you on your Asia tour.

The temperature on the coasts never drops below 20 degrees Celsius around the clock. In the highlands, it gets cooler and the temperature can drop to 10 degrees in the evening in some areas.

Time difference

Sri Lanka is 3 ½ hours ahead in summer time in Denmark and 4 ½ hours ahead in winter time.

Visa regulations

Passport must be valid for 6 months from the date of return from Sri Lanka and have at least two blank pages for the visa. Tourist visas are required and must be applied for and paid for from home via this link. The visa costs 35 USD.


Documentation of yellow fever vaccination is required for stays of more than 12 hours in a country with yellow fever. In addition, malaria pills are recommended as malaria is present on the island.

For stays of less than 1 week: Tetanus/diphtheria and hepatitis A.

For stays of less than 4 weeks: Tetanus/diphtheria, hepatitis A and typhoid.

For stays of 4 weeks or longer: Tetanus/diphtheria, hepatitis A, typhoid and hepatitis B.

Sights & Attractions


The capital city combines Portuguese, English and Dutch colonial culture. This combination can be seen in the architecture, art and food. The city is also full of museums that offer a glimpse into its history. Colombo is located on the coast and has created a green area that has become the city’s ‘playground’, which is worth a visit on Friday and Saturday evenings.

One red and one black tuk-tuk driving on the street in Colombo
Three elephants grassing on in Udawalawe National Park

Udawalawe National Park

The park is located on the border between the dry and wet areas of Sri Lanka, which can be seen in the wildlife park. Here you can see elephants, crocodiles, buffaloes, snakes and much more. The park is rated as one of the best places to see elephants in the wild. The park also features leopards and monkeys, but they can be difficult to spot.


The city is an old trading town and here you can experience the old fort from the 17th century. The entire city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is car-free and easy to explore on your own. The town is surrounded by some stunning beaches with white sand and crystal clear water.

City-view from above over Galle
A male surfer doing a top-turn on a wave

Hikkaduwa Beach

The city is known for its focus on all water sports activities. There are plenty of opportunities for surfing, bodyboarding, snorkeling and diving. The beach is very long, so you will never feel surrounded by many people. Along the beach there are many street food stalls so you can sample the local cuisine, which is an experience you won’t want to miss on your trip to Asia.


The city is an ancient capital and rewards visitors with a look back into the past. The area is quite unique as you’ll find a modern city bordering the ancient one. The core of the ancient temple is a tree, and the Sri Maha Bodhi tribe believes that the tree is the oldest human-planted tree in the world.


Ancient ruins in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka
Blue train driving over the Nine Arches Bridge towards Ella


The town is a small mountain town located among the tea plantations. Here you get the opportunity to spend a few days away from the big city and experience the tea plantations. The train ride here is said to be one of the most beautiful in the world as it stretches through the beautiful landscape. The journey takes 6 hours from Kandy and 9 hours from Colombo.

Adam’s Rock

The hike to the top takes about 3 hours and along the way there are food stalls and rest stops. At the top you will see a footprint where some believe Adam took his first step. Others believe it to be Buddha or Shiva.

The view of Adams Rock with it´s green nature around
The view of the palace Sigiriya, Sri Lanka


This is a palace built on a 220 meter high cliff. A palace is built on top of the cliff and the walls of the cliff are decorated with paintings and engravings. At the foot of one of the rock walls, a staircase has been carved with the entrance resembling a lion.

Trinus recommended trips and tours in Asia

A women at one of the Gili swings at sunset

We think this is one of the best tours on the planet. Swimming with Manta Rays, get involved in local communities and an epic volcano sunrise are among just a few on things included.

From the high mountains to the incredible wildlife, this trip is led some of the most amazing women your will ever meet.

5 people smiling in a blue and yellow Tuk-tuk

The very best way to really experience the awesomeness of Asia by combining the strikingly different countires of Vietnam and Thailand

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The island state with great beaches and wild nature

Water sports, beautiful landscapes, wild nature, stunning beaches, impressive monuments and shrines. Sri Lanka has it all and can definitely make your trip a memorable experience you’ll never forget on your Asia tour.

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